Factors such as peer pressure, lack of maturity, and alcohol and drug use put college students at risk for HIV infection. College students may have unprotected sex with multiple partners or while under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Abandoning safer sex techniques and failing to use condoms correctly and consistently can lead to possible HIV infection or other sexually transmitted diseases STD. Some of the highest STD rates in the country are those among young people. Researchers have conducted many studies to determine whether the threat of HIV infection causes college students to alter risky behaviors.
Knowledge of HIV and safe sex practices appear to be greater among men than women. Knowledge among college females was not associated with condom use. Females may perceive themselves as less susceptible to HIV. While most heterosexual college students know they are at risk for HIV infection, most do not feel personal risk.
It is estimated that at least half of all new HIV infections in the U. The majority of young people are infected sexually.
This means that prevention is still vital to eliminate infection. IV drug-users are at high risk for HIV infection. HIV is not passed through social contact. Kissing an infected person is also not a known risk. Know if your partner has ever had an HIV test, used IV drugs, or engaged in risky sexual behaviors anal intercourse, multiple partners. This can be awkward but if you are comfortable enough to have sex with someone, you should be comfortable enough to talk about it.
Protect yourself by using a latex condom every time. You should also find out for sure that you are not infected. Your college health center or local clinic can perform a test for free or at low cost. There are two ways the test is conducted: anonymous and confidential. You should ask which way the test is administered. Anonymous testing means that the results are not connected with your name.
This is the preferred way so that if your test is positive, it will not affect future opportunities such as insurance coverage. Confidential means that your test results will not be shared with others, but they could be put in your medical records. There is potential for others to discover your status.
Criminal charges have been filed against people who knew they were HIV positive but did not reveal their status to sexual partners. Some people develop symptoms of HIV shortly after being infected. It can also take more than years to develop symptoms. There are several stages of HIV disease. The first symptom of HIV disease is often swollen lymph glands in the throat, armpit, or groin.
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Some other early symptoms include severe diarrhea, fever, headaches, fatigue, difficulty swallowing, shortness of breath, and muscle aches. The symptoms can last for weeks or months at a time and do not go away without treatment. You cannot rely on symptoms to determine your HIV status. A diagnosis of AIDS is made by a physician using certain clinical criteria. There are a variety of new treatments and medication cocktails that help people manage the disease and maintain their normal life activities.checkout.midtrans.com/dating-english-en-villaman.php
HIV and AIDS AWAREness
These myths are leading to increased infection rates. The largest myth among most young people is that they are immune and that it happens to other people. For college students who are sexually adventurous, the best way to prevent HIV transmission is through the use of latex condoms.
Given that a large number of HIV -infected people are unaware of their infection, HIV testing is an important strategy for this population. Many of these men have previously tested negative, so it is recommended that all sexually active MSM be tested for HIV at least once a year. MSM who engage in high-risk behaviors unprotected anal sex with casual partners should be tested more frequently.
If they become infected, they are less likely to know it. MSM who do not disclose their sexual orientation are likely to have one or more female sex partners. Some people who are recently diagnosed may find it hard to take that first step to HIV treatment. Your support and assistance may be helpful. HIV treatment is recommend for all people with HIV and should be started as soon as possible after diagnosis. Encourage your friend or loved one to see a doctor and start HIV treatment as soon as possible. If they do not have an HIV care provider, you can help them find one. Use HIV.
Support medication adherence.
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- Supporting Someone Living with HIV!
Ask your loved one what you can do to support them in establishing a medication routine and sticking to it. Also ask what other needs they might have and how you can help them stay healthy. Learn more about treatment adherence. Get support. Take care of yourself and get support if you need it.
Turn to others for any questions, concerns, or anxieties you may have, so that the person who is diagnosed can focus on taking care of their own health. If someone has disclosed their HIV status to you, thank them for trusting you with their private health information. One reason they may have chosen to disclose their status to you is that they need an ally or advocate, or they may need help with a particular issue or challenge.
Some people are public with this information; other people keep it very private.
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Ask whether other people know this information, and how private they are about their HIV status. Let the person know, through your words or actions, that their HIV status does not change your relationship and that you will keep this information private if they want you to. Educate yourself about HIV. Others are at different stages of treatment and care.
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